From there he was assigned to a Moscow hospital, where he served as military doctor, and in , he was appointed a senior physician. In he married Maria Nechayeva. The following year, he took up a post at the Mariinsky Hospital for the poor. Mikhail Dostoevsky and Maria Dostoevskaya born Nechayeva. He was raised in the family home in the grounds of the Mariinsky Hospital for the Poor, which was in a lower class district on the edges of Moscow. From the age of three, he was read heroic sagas, fairy tales and legends by his nanny, Alena Frolovna, an especially influential figure in his upbringing and love for fictional stories.
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Dmitri is considered to be a sensualist , much like his father, spending large amounts of money on nights filled with champagne, women, and whatever entertainment and stimulation money can buy. Dmitri is brought into contact with his family when he finds himself in need of his inheritance, which he believes is being withheld by his father.
He was engaged to be married to Katerina Ivanovna, but breaks that off after falling in love with Grushenka. While he maintains a good relationship with Ivan, he is closest to his younger brother Alyosha, referring to him as his " cherub ". Ivan Fyodorovich Karamazov a.
He is disturbed especially by the apparently senseless suffering in the world. He says to Alyosha in the chapter "Rebellion" Bk. His father tells Alyosha that he fears Ivan more than Dmitri. Some of the most memorable and acclaimed passages of the novel involve Ivan, including the chapter "Rebellion", his "poem" " The Grand Inquisitor " immediately following, and his nightmare of the devil Bk.
He is almost repulsed by his father, and had no positive affection towards Dmitri. But towards the end of the novel, his relationship with his siblings gets more complicated. Alexei Fyodorovich Karamazov a. The narrator identifies him as the hero of the novel in the opening chapter, as does the author in the preface. He is described as immensely likable. At the outset of the events, Alyosha is a novice in the local Russian Orthodox monastery.
His Elder, Father Zosima, sends him into the world, where he becomes involved in the sordid details of his family. In a secondary plotline, Alyosha befriends a group of school boys, whose fate adds a hopeful message to the conclusion of the novel.
Pavel Fyodorovich Smerdyakov, widely rumored to be the illegitimate son of Fyodor Karamazov, is the son of "Reeking Lizaveta", a mute woman of the street who died in childbirth. He is morose and sullen, and, like Dostoevsky, suffers from epilepsy. The narrator notes that as a child, Smerdyakov collected stray cats to hang and bury them.
Generally aloof, Smerdyakov admires Ivan and shares his atheism. Agrafena Alexandrovna Svetlova a. Grushenka, Grusha, Grushka , a beautiful year-old, is the local Jezebel and has an uncanny charm for men.
In her youth she was jilted by a Polish officer and subsequently came under the protection of a tyrannical miser. The episode leaves Grushenka with an urge for independence and control of her life. Grushenka inspires complete admiration and lust in both Fyodor and Dmitri Karamazov. Their rivalry for her affection is one of the most damaging factors in their relationship. Grushenka seeks to torment and then deride both Dmitri and Fyodor as a wicked amusement, a way to inflict upon others the pain she has felt at the hands of her "former and indisputable one".
However, after she begins a friendship with Alyosha, and as the book progresses, she begins to tread a path of spiritual redemption through which emerges hidden qualities of gentleness and generosity, though her fiery temper and pride are ever present.
Katerina Ivanovna Verkhovtseva a. Her engagement to Dmitri is chiefly a matter of pride on both their parts, Dmitri having bailed her father out of a debt. Because of this, she cannot bring herself to act on her love for Ivan, and constantly creates moral barriers between him and herself. By the end of the novel, she too, begins a real and sincere spiritual redemption, as seen in the epilogue, when she asks Mitya and Grushenka to forgive her.
He is something of a celebrity among the townspeople for his reputed prophetic and healing abilities. His popularity inspires both admiration and jealousy amidst his fellow monks. His father, Captain Snegiryov, is an impoverished officer who is insulted by Dmitri after Fyodor Karamazov hires him to threaten the latter over his debts, and the Snegiryov family is brought to shame as a result. The reader is led to believe that it is partly because of this that Ilyusha falls ill, possibly to illustrate the theme that even minor actions can touch heavily on the lives of others, and that we are "all responsible for one another".
Synopsis[ edit ] Book One: A Nice Little Family The opening of the novel introduces the Karamazov family and relates the story of their distant and recent past. The first book concludes by describing the mysterious religious order of Elders to which Alyosha has become devoted. Dmitri arrives late and the gathering soon degenerates and only exacerbates the feud between Dmitri and Fyodor. This book also contains a scene in which the Elder Zosima consoles a woman mourning the death of her three-year-old son.
Book Three: Sensualists An original page of book 3, chapter 3 of The Brothers Karamazov The third book provides more details of the love triangle that has erupted between Fyodor, his son Dmitri, and Grushenka. This book also introduces Smerdyakov and his origins, as well as the story of his mother, Reeking Lizaveta.
It begins with Alyosha observing a group of schoolboys throwing rocks at one of their sickly peers named Ilyusha. After initially accepting the money with joy, Snegiryov throws the money back at Alyosha out of pride and runs back into his home. Book Five: Pro and Contra Here, the rationalist and nihilistic ideology that permeated Russia at this time is defended and espoused passionately by Ivan Karamazov while meeting his brother Alyosha at a restaurant.
In the chapter titled "Rebellion", Ivan proclaims that he rejects the world that God has created because it is built on a foundation of suffering. In perhaps the most famous chapter in the novel, " The Grand Inquisitor ", Ivan narrates to Alyosha his imagined poem that describes a leader from the Spanish Inquisition and his encounter with Jesus , Who has made His return to earth.
The opposition between reason and faith is dramatised and symbolised in forceful monologue of the Grand Inquisitor who, having ordered Jesus arrested, visits Him in prison at night. Why hast Thou come now to hinder us? For Thou hast come to hinder us, and Thou knowest that We are working not with Thee but with him [Satan] We took from him what Thou didst reject with scorn, that last gift he offered Thee, showing Thee all the kingdoms of the earth.
We took from him Rome and the sword of Caesar, and proclaimed ourselves sole rulers of the earth We shall triumph and shall be Caesars, and then we shall plan the universal happiness of man. The Grand Inquisitor accuses Jesus of having inflicted on humankind the "burden" of free will.
At the end of all these arguments, Jesus silently steps forward and kisses the old man on his lips. The Grand Inquisitor, stunned and moved, tells Him he must never come there again, and lets Him out.
Alyosha, after hearing this story, goes to Ivan and kisses him softly, with an unexplainable emotion, on the lips. The brothers then part.
Zosima explains he found his faith in his rebellious youth, in the middle of a duel, consequently deciding to become a monk. Zosima preaches people must forgive others by acknowledging their own sins and guilt before others. Book Seven: Alyosha The book begins immediately following the death of Zosima. Thus, the expectation concerning the Elder Zosima is that his deceased body will not decompose.
For many this calls into question their previous respect and admiration for Zosima. All the while Dmitri is petrified that Grushenka may go to his father Fyodor and marry him because he already has the monetary means to satisfy her. He takes the pestle from his pocket. Dmitri is next seen in a daze on the street, covered in blood, with a pile of money in his hand.
Upon learning this, Dmitri loads a cart full of food and wine and pays for a huge orgy to finally confront Grushenka in the presence of her old flame, intending all the while to kill himself at dawn. The "first and rightful lover", however, is a boorish Pole who cheats the party at a game of cards. When his deception is revealed, he flees, and Grushenka soon reveals to Dmitri that she really is in love with him. The party rages on, and just as Dmitri and Grushenka are making plans to marry, the police enter the lodge and inform Dmitri that he is under arrest for the murder of his father.
The alleged motive for the crime is robbery. Meanwhile, the three thousand rubles that Fyodor Karamazov had set aside for Grushenka has disappeared. Dmitri explains that the money he spent that evening came from three thousand rubles Katerina gave him to send to her sister. He spent half that at his first meeting with Grushenka—another drunken orgy—and sewed up the rest in a cloth, intending to give it back to Katerina in the name of honor, he says.
The lawyers are not convinced by this. All of the evidence points against Dmitri; the only other person in the house at the time of the murder was Smerdyakov, who was incapacitated due to an epileptic seizure he apparently suffered the day before.
As a result of the overwhelming evidence against him, Dmitri is formally charged with the patricide and taken away to prison to await trial. The book begins with the introduction of the young boy Kolya Krasotkin.
Kolya is a brilliant boy who proclaims his atheism, socialism, and beliefs in the ideas of Europe. Kolya is bored with life and constantly torments his mother by putting himself in danger. As part of a prank Kolya lies between railroad tracks as a train passes over and becomes something of a legend for the feat. All the other boys look up to Kolya, especially Ilyusha. Since the narrative left Ilyusha in Book Four, his illness has progressively worsened and the doctor states that he will not recover.
It is here that Kolya first meets Alyosha and begins to reassess his nihilist beliefs. Alyosha finds Ivan raving and informs him that Smerdyakov killed himself shortly after their final meeting. The courtroom drama is sharply satirized by Dostoyevsky. The section concludes with the impassioned closing remarks of the prosecutor and the defense , and the verdict that Dmitri is guilty. The plan is never fully described, but it seems to involve Ivan and Katerina bribing some guards.
Alyosha approves, first, because Dmitri is not emotionally ready to submit to such a harsh sentence, secondly, because he is innocent, and, third, because no guards or officers would suffer for aiding the escape. Dmitri and Grushenka plan to escape to America and work the land there for several years, and then to return to Russia under assumed American names, because they both cannot imagine living without Russia. Dmitri begs for Katerina to visit him in the hospital, where he is recovering from an illness before he is due to be taken away.
When she does, Dmitri apologizes for having hurt her; she in turn apologizes for bringing up the implicating letter during the trial. They agree to love each other for that one moment, and say they will love each other forever, even though both now love other people.
Alyosha promises to remember Kolya, Ilyusha, and all the boys and keep them close in his heart, even though he will have to leave them and may not see them again until many years have passed. He implores them to love each other and to always remember Ilyusha, and to keep his memory alive in their hearts, and to remember this moment at the stone when they were all together and they all loved each other. Alyosha then recounts the Christian promise that they will all be united one day after the Resurrection.
In tears, the twelve boys promise Alyosha that they will keep each other in their memories forever, join hands, and return to the Snegiryov household for the funeral dinner, chanting, "Hurrah for Karamazov!
Traducere si note de Ovidiu Constantinescu si Isabella Dumbrava Fratii Karamazov, cel din urma si cel mai complex roman al lui Dostoievski, este in acelasi timp povestea scrisa magistral a unui paricid si o meditatie filosofica asupra intrebarilor esentiale ale umanitatii: existenta lui Dumnezeu, liberul-arbitru, natura colectiva a vinei si consecintele dezastruoase ale rationalismului. Intruchipind patru ipostaze fundamentale ale individului, fratii Karamazov au, fiecare, motive bine intemeiate, desi de naturi diferite, sa-si ucida tatal, mosierul Fiodor Pavlovici Karamazov, care duce o viata amorala si desfrinata. Moartea neasteptata a acestuia arunca suspiciuni asupra tuturor celor patru frati si da nastere la numeroase teorii, Dostoievski exploatind cu o abilitate remarcabila filonul politist al povestii, ce creeaza un suspans capabil sa sustina intreaga structura romanesca. Autor recomandat de George Banu in cadrul proiectului Libris, " Oameni si carti ". Fragment din cartea "Fratii Karamazov" de F. Dostoievski "Se povesteste, de pilda, ca odata, in vremurile stravechi ale crestinismului, un frate n-ar fi indeplinit ascultarea data de staretul sau, pe care l-a parasit, fugind din manastire si trecind in alta tara, adica din Siria in Egipet.
By the end of the novel, she too, begins a real and sincere spiritual redemption, as seen in the epilogue, when she asks Mitya and Grushenka to forgive her. His father, Captain Snegiryov, is an impoverished officer who is insulted by Dmitri after Fyodor Karamazov hires him to threaten the latter over his debts, and the Snegiryov family is dostoievskk to shame as a result. IlyushaIlyushechka, or simply ,aramazov in some translations, is one of the local schoolboys, and the central figure of a crucial subplot in the novel. He is disturbed especially by the apparently senseless suffering in the world.