Tradition and the Modern Age:] Arendt reviews in triptych form three 19th Century Writers who have sealed off the philosophical traditions started by Plato and his Allegory of the Cave: Kierkegaard, Marx, and Nietszche. She profiles the contributions each made--each quite [Preface:] Arendt introduces her rationale for the title using a parable from Kafka, a brilliant thought-problem in which "he" has two antagonists; one, the origin, pushes from behind and the other blocks the road ahead. Whose facts will get selected for the narrative? Classic Arendt essay written while she was writing The Human Condition, so the resemblance exists in which she guides through ancient and modern histories only to have the final two pages rise up and slay.
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The concepts of power, violence, as well as their correlates: vigor, strength and authority have led to many mistakes. A limiting vision of these concepts would be to view them only from a domain standpoint. What Arendt proposes is to analyze them individually, showing their particularities and the breadth of these concepts in the context of politics.
Thus, power, along the lines of Arendt s rationale, corresponds to the human activity to act in unison. Acting in unison is never the property of an individual, but belongs to a group that keeps it united. When we say that someone is in power , this means that he was sworn-in by a certain number of people to act on his behalf. It is here that power finds its legitimacy. Vigor denotes something in the singular: it is the property inherent to an object or person and belongs to its character.
Vigor has a peculiar independence and, for this reason, it is the nature of a group and of its power to turn against independence, the property of individual vigor. Strength, oft confused with violence, should only indicate the energy released by physical or social movements. It is the natural quality of an isolated individual.
It is measurable, reliable and unchangeable. In a struggle between two men, the decisive factor is strength, not power Palavras-chave:.
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