Wbayd b. He also maintained that the smallest stones they had were like humanheads, some as big as camels. That is what Ynnus h. Bukayr said on the author-ity of Ibn Ishaq.
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Wbayd b. He also maintained that the smallest stones they had were like humanheads, some as big as camels. That is what Ynnus h. Bukayr said on the author-ity of Ibn Ishaq. It is also said they were small -but God knows best. Each bird carriedthree stones, two in its claws and one in its beak.
He said the hirds came, linedup over their heads, screeched, and dropped what was in their claws and beaks. God also sent a fierce galewhich struck the stones and increased their velocity.
And so they were all killed. But, as Ibn Ishaq has stated above, not all were struck by the stones. Some didreturn to Yemen to tell their people of the disaster that befell them.
And it wasalso said that Abraha, God curse h i , went back, his fingers dropping off one byone, and that when he reached Yemen his chest burst open and he died. Ibn Ishaq related that CAbd Allah b. But God knows best. Al-Suhayli said that the events of the elephant occurred on the firstday of Muharram, year of the era of Dhu alQarnayn Alexander the Great.
It is also said, however, that these events precededhis birth by some years, as we will report, God willing, and in Him we trust. Here Ibn Ishaq mentions the poetry recited by the Arabs on this great occasionon which God rendered His sacred house victorious, wishing it to be honoured,respected, purified, and digdied through the mission of Muhammad SAAS and through the true religion He legislated to him.
One of the elements of this T h evictory belonged to the sacred house and served to set the foundation and pavethe way for the mission of Muhammad SAAS. Ask the Abyssinian prince what he saw of it; he who has knowledge of it shall inform the ignorant. Sixty thousand men did not return to their land, even their sick did not live after their homecoming. They used a knife instead of a whip; when they aimed it at its hack it was badly wounded.
So it turned and ran away, and those there did fail for their evil. God sent a gale down upon them, overwhelmingthem as if they were dwarves. Their priests urged fortitude hut they screamed like bleating sheep. Aba Rabib Wahh b. He created night and day and all clear, its reckoning determined.
Then a merciful Lord makes clear the day with a sun of spreading rays. He kept the elephant at al-Mughammis until it crawled as though hamstnmg. Kneelmg down like a camel, and still, as if it were carved out of a rock from the mountain. Around it heroes from among the kings of Kinda, eagle-like lords in wars They left it, then all fled in fright, each with a broken leg.
From it you had a certain calamity on the day of Aha Yaksiim [Abraha, tr. When you received victory from the Owner of the Throne, hosts of angels repelled them, casting soil and stones. Quickly they turned in flight; and of the Abyssinians all who returned were injured. Birds rained stones down upon them until he was like a man being stoned. Whoever attacks that place returns with his armies defeated, humiliated. He was thelast of their kings and it was from him that Sayf b.
Dha Yazan of Himyarwrested the kingship with the aid of troops he brought from ChosroeAniishirwm, as we shall relate. The events with the elephant occurred in themonth of Muharram, in the year in the era of Dho al-Qarnayn, Alexanderson of Phillip, the Macedonian, after whom the Greeks count their calendar. Abraha and his two sons having died and Abyssinian rule over Yemen havingended, al-Qullays, the temple Abraha had built, in his ignorance and stupidity,as a substitute for the Arab pilgrimage, was abandoned and left unattended.
These idols were invested by spirits, and consequently anyonechancing to take anything from the temple building or its funishings wouldcome to harm. When he was told about it and all its marble andfurnishings that Abraha had brought from the Balqis castle in Yemen, he sentpeople to disassemble it stone by stone and to take away all its contents.
That ishow alSuhayli related it; God knows best. A n Account of the reversion of the Kingshipfrom the Abyssinians to S a y f b. N a y , the Lakhmite. Muhammad b. Ishnq, God have mercy on him, said that when Abraha died, hisson Yakstiin b. Abraha became king over the Abyssinians. Abraha became the Abyssinian king over Yemen. Dha Yazan, the Himyarite, became rebellious. His genealogy was Sayf b. DhaYazan b. Mslik h. Zayd h. Sahl b.
CAmr h. Qays b. Jashm b. Qumn b. Zuhayr b. Ayman h. Sayf wasalso known as Aha Murra. He made his way to the Byzantine emperor and complained to him of thestate of affairs in Yemen, asking him to oust the Abyssinians and appoint h igovernor there. He suggested the emperor send from Byzantium whatevertroops he thought necessary for this purpose and so himself would become kingof Yemen.
The emperor declined. So Sayf went to al-NuCmxnb. His crown was like a large grainbucket and was, so they say, set with rubies, chrysolites,pearls, gold, and silver,suspended by a gold chain from the dome of his audience chamber.
His neck didnot bear the crown; he was kept hidden by a cloth until he sat down there. Thenhe would put his head into his crown. When he was thus positioned on histhrone, the cloth would be removed. All who saw him for the first time wouldkneel down in awe of hi. Having received these, Sayf went outside and began distributing themoney to people.
Are not the mountains ofmy country made of gold and silver? So Chosroe then assembled hisadvisers and asked their counsel about Sayf and his mission. They remindedh i of the presence in his gaols of prisoners he had condemned to death andsuggested he send them with Sayf. For if they were killed that was what Chosroehad intended for them anyway, and if they triumphed his own domain would beexpanded.
Chosroe therefore sent off with Sayf eight hundred men from his prisons andplaced them under the command of a man named Wahrii, an elder of the highestrepute and ancestry. They set sail in eight ships, of which two sank; so six shipseventually arrived on the coast of Aden.
Masriiq b. Abraha then came out with his troops to meet them in battle. Wahriz sent his own son out to do combat and test their mettle. When the enemy troops were positioned on the battlefield, Wahriz asked hismen to indicate which was their king. They pointed to a man on an elephantwith a crown and wearing a ruby between his eyes. He saw him and told themnot to attack him. For some time nothing was done. Then Wahriz asked what the Abyssinianleader was doing now.
They told him he was now on a horse. Again Wahriz toldthem not to attack him, and for long they waited. Eventually Wahrii asked afterthe king and was told he was now on a mule. He has humbled himself and his domain. If you see his companions not moving, then stay still till I give you furtherorders, for I will have missed the man.
But if you see his people crowdingaround him and not advancing, I shall have hit him. In that case, you advance atthem. He then had his eyebrows tied hack and let the arrow fly. He was knocked off his mount, and the Abyssiniansmilled around him in confusion.
The Persians charged and the Ahyssinians weredefeated, being killed or fleeing in all directions. When he reached its gateway he insistedthat his banner could never enter in a lowered position, and that they shouldtherefore demolish the gate.
This was done and he went inside with his bannerheld high. Sayf b.
Al Sira Al Nabawiyya By Ibn Kathir All Volumes In One Pdf
It is sometimes written as "seera", "sirah" or "sirat", all meaning "life" or "journey". In Islamic literature, the plural form, siyar, could also refer to the rules of war and dealing with non-Muslims. These stories are intended as historical accounts and are used for veneration. It also records some of the speeches and sermons made by Muhammad, like his speech at the Farewell Pilgrimage.
He was taught by Ibn Taymiyya and Al-Dhahabi. Upon completion of his studies he obtained his first official appointment in , when he joined an inquisitorial commission formed to determine certain questions of heresy. In he was made preacher khatib at a newly built mosque in Mizza, the home town of his father-in-law. In , he rose to a professorial position at the Great Mosque of Damascus. He died in February AH in Damascus. He was buried next to his teacher Ibn Taymiyya. He states that: People have said a great deal on this topic and this is not the place to expound on what they have said.
Al-Sira Al-Nabawiyya | The Life Of The Prophet Muhammad (Volume-1)