The ARINC bus operates as a multiple-source, multiple-sink system; each terminal can transmit data to, and receive data from, every other terminal on the data bus. This allows much more freedom in the exchange of data between units in the avionics system. ARINC technical standard for the predominant avionics data bus used on most higher-end commercial and transport aircraft. Avionic systems include communications, navigation, the display and management of multiple systems, and the hundreds of systems that are fitted to aircraft to perform individual functions. These can be as simple as a searchlight for a police helicopter or as complicated as the tactical system for an airborne early warning platform.
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The ARINC bus operates as a multiple-source, multiple-sink system; each terminal can transmit data to, and receive data from, every other terminal on the data bus. This allows much more freedom in the exchange of data between units in the avionics system.
ARINC technical standard for the predominant avionics data bus used on most higher-end commercial and transport aircraft. Avionic systems include communications, navigation, the display and management of multiple systems, and the hundreds of systems that are fitted to aircraft to perform individual functions.
These can be as simple as a searchlight for a police helicopter or as complicated as the tactical system for an airborne early warning platform. The term avionics is a portmanteau of the words aviation and electronics. Carrying over 19 million passengers and tons of cargo in , the carrier was the 33rd and 10th largest airline in the world in terms of passenger revenue per kilometer RPK and freight RPK, respectively.
The Airbus A XWB is a family of long-range, twin-engine wide-body jet airliners developed by European aerospace manufacturer Airbus. The A is the first Airbus aircraft with both fuselage and wing structures made primarily of carbon fibre reinforced polymer.
Its variants seat to passengers in typical three-class seating layouts. The A is positioned to succeed the A and to compete with the Boeing and MIL-STD is a military standard published by the United States Department of Defense that defines the mechanical, electrical, and functional characteristics of a serial data bus.
It was originally designed as an avionic data bus for use with military avionics, but has also become commonly used in spacecraft on-board data handling OBDH subsystems, both military and civil. In aviation, ACARS is a digital datalink system for transmission of short messages between aircraft and ground stations via airband radio or satellite. An FMS is a specialized computer system that automates a wide variety of in-flight tasks, reducing the workload on the flight crew to the point that modern civilian aircraft no longer carry flight engineers or navigators.
A primary function is in-flight management of the flight plan. Avionics Full-Duplex Switched Ethernet AFDX is a data network, patented by international aircraft manufacturer Airbus, for safety-critical applications that utilizes dedicated bandwidth while providing deterministic quality of service QoS.
AFDX is a worldwide registered trademark by Airbus. The six primary aspects of an AFDX data network include full duplex, redundancy, determinism, high speed performance, switched and profiled network. A medium-sized airport with good connections to most major aviation hubs across the Asia-Pacific region, the airport serves the city of Kota Kinabalu as well as the entire west coast of Sabah.
The Future Air Navigation System FANS is an avionics system which provides direct data link communication between the pilot and the air traffic controller. The communications include air traffic control clearances, pilot requests and position reporting. An ADIRU acts as a single, fault tolerant source of navigational data for both pilots of an aircraft. Integrated modular avionics IMA are real-time computer network airborne systems. This network consists of a number of computing modules capable of supporting numerous applications of differing criticality levels.
British Airways Engineering is the aircraft maintenance subsidiary of British Airways which provides support services to British Airways and other airlines.
It is responsible for the entire BA Boeing fleet maintenance, cabin interior conversions and general ramp maintenance work for both their own fleet and other airlines. It also sends some of its own heavy maintenance work out to other companies, although the vast majority of aircraft and cabin interior work is still carried out by BA Engineering itself. There are 2 cabinets on each plane. The standard, which was released in January , has been advanced by ARINC and the aerospace community to meet the stringent needs of high performance digital video.
The specification was updated and ARINC was released in December , adding a number of new features, including link rates up to 32X fibre channel rates, channel-bonding, switching, field sequential color, bi-directional control, and data only links.
Aircraft with fly-by-wire flight controls usually have computer-controlled flight control modes, sometimes also called flight control laws; they are an application of modes in user interfaces. Their purpose is to modify the way in which human control inputs are translated to the flight control surfaces, and ultimately its path of movement, in a way appropriate to different situations or flight regimes. FANS is an avionics system which provides direct data link communication between the pilot and the Air Traffic Controller.
The communications include air traffic control clearances, pilot requests, and position reporting. Bus monitoring is a term used in flight testing when capturing data from avionics buses and networks in data acquisition telemetry systems. Commonly monitored avionics buses include First class is a travel class on some passenger airliners intended to be more luxurious than business class, premium economy, and economy class.
On a passenger jetliner, first class usually refers to a limited number of seats or cabins toward the front of the aircraft which have more space, comfort, service, and privacy. In general, first class is the highest class offered, although some airlines have branded their new products as above first class. Propeller airliners often had first class in the rear, away from the noise of the rotating propeller, while first class on jet aircraft is normally positioned near the front of the aircraft, normally in front of the business class section, or on the top deck for aircraft such as the Boeing and Airbus A
ARINC - 629
The standard also describes the Centralized Fault Display System. ARINC is a family of standards covering "data loading", commonly used for transferring software and data to or from avionics devices. It provides a standard approach for quality management of Test Procedure Generation within the commercial air transport industry. It is installed on the Boeing The standard also specifies Application Program Interfaces APIs for abstraction of the application from the underlying hardware and software. The GUI definition is completely defined in binary definition files.