As with Sapindaceae, members of Rutaceae are best known for their fruits. Citrus is the most important genus in… Members of the family often feature aromatic leaves with oil glands on the surfaces. The flowers are generally perfect containing both male and female reproductive organs in the same flower or sometimes unisexual. They are arranged in inflorescences, which facilitates pollination by insects such as small flies and bees. The flowers are conspicuous for their colour, fragrance , and nectar. The fruits of the family are various, consisting, for example, of capsules genus Ruta , follicles Zanthoxylum , drupes Amyris , berries Triphasia and Citrus , samaras hop tree , and schizocarps Helietta.
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FAMILLE RUTACEAE PDF
Characters of Rutaceae 2. Distribution of Rutaceae 3. Economic Importance 4. Affinities 5. Important Types. Characters of Rutaceae: Leaves gland dotted, simple or compound; flower hermaphrodite, hypogynous, actinomorphic with a disc below the ovary; corolla polypetalous; stamens ten, obdiplostemonous; carpels 5 or many, ovary superior, multilocular; fruit capsule or berry; aromatic odour is present.
Rutaceae: Characters, Distribution and Types
Characteristics[ edit ] Most species are trees or shrubs, a few are herbs Boenninghausenia and Dictamnus , frequently aromatic with glands on the leaves , sometimes with thorns. The leaves are usually opposed and compound , and without stipules. Flowers are bractless , solitary or in cyme , rarely in raceme , and mainly pollinated by insects. They are radially or rarely laterally symmetric, and generally hermaphroditic. They have four or five petals and sepals , sometimes three, mostly separate, eight to ten stamen five in Skimmia , many in Citrus , usually separate or in several groups.