GEORGE EDWARD MOORE PRINCIPIA ETHICA PDF

It follows that to decide whether a disposition is or is not virtuous involves the difficult causal investigation discussed in section 3 ; and that what is a virtue in one state of society may not be so in another. Thus a the mere unconscious habit of performing duties, which is the commonest type, has no intrinsic value whatsoever; Christian moralists are right in implying that mere external rightness has no intrinsic value, though they are wrong in saying that it is therefore not virtuous , since this implies that it has no value as a means. Summary of chapter. By an ideal state of things may be meant either 1 the Summum Bonum or absolutely best, or 2 the best which the laws of nature allow to exist in this world, or 3 anything greatly good in itself: this chapter will be principally occupied with what is ideal in sense 3 —with answering the fundamental question of Ethics. In order to obtain a correct answer to the question What is good in itself? If we begin by considering I.

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Whatsapp: 21 Moore presents a straightforward consequentialist account of the relationship between the right and the good: the right action is that which will produce the best outcome.

In practice, because it is so difficult for us to determine by ourselves what is the best outcome, he allows that we probably do best if we follow established rules; thus Moore ends up recommending a conservative form of rule consequentialism, for which he was criticised by Keynes and Russell. Later critics such as W. The individualism of the resulting morality is enhanced by the fact that Moore maintains that these intrinsic values are incommensurable, and thus that the assessment of priorities among them is inescapably a matter of individual judgment.

Moore: Selected Writings Baldwin ed. Baldwin, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: Muirhead ed. Schilpp ed. The Philosophy of G. The Elements of Ethics, T. Regan ed. Moore: Selected Writings, T. Thus, for example, he is content to allow that philosophical argument may show that a phenomenalist analysis of propositions about the physical world is correct.

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