TRAUMATIC RETICULOPERITONITIS IN CATTLE PDF

Received Jun 22; Accepted Sep Associated Data The datasets used and analysed for this study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request. This study describes treatment for TRP in cattle. Initial treatment was based on radiographic findings; cattle with a foreign body attached to a magnet were treated conservatively using antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs and intravenous fluids. Cattle with a foreign body lying on the ventral aspect of the reticulum or penetrating or perforating the reticulum received a magnet in addition to medical treatment.

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Causes[ edit ] Cattle commonly swallow foreign objects, because they do not use their lips to discriminate between materials and they do not completely chew their feed before swallowing. Sharp metallic objects, such as nails or wire , are the common initiators of hardware disease. The cow may groan when lying down, getting up, defecating and urinating. The heart rate is normal or slightly elevated, and the respiration is shallow and rapid.

Depending on the type of magnet used, inserting a second magnet could cause internal pinching which could lead to serious complications. A broad-spectrum antibiotic should also be given to control infection.

The cow should be confined and movement limited in the hopes that the reticulum can repair the hole. Even newer designs include a stronger array of rare-earth magnets inside a stainless steel body that resembles the original Alnico design.

A rancher or dairy farmer feeds a magnet to each calf at branding time; the magnet settles in the rumen or reticulum and remains there for the life of the animal.

This is most effective if done to the entire herd before the age of one.

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Treatment of 503 cattle with traumatic reticuloperitonitis

The diagnosis is confirmed during surgery. Metal detectors are a waste of time due to the presence of harmless pieces of metal in the reticulum anthelmintic boluses for example and some objects may be plastic or other synthetic, non-metallic material. Treatment A course of parenteral antibiotics is very unlikely to be effective without surgical removal of the penetrating foreign body. Magnets administered orally will collect loose metallic objects in the reticulum but will probably not draw out objects firmly embedded within the reticular wall. Surgery Prompt surgery is essential to avoid the consequences that may result in culling for poor production or death due to septic pericarditis should the wire penetrate the sac surrounding the heart. Large piece of wire in the wall of the reticulum.

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Traumatic pericarditis in cattle: clinical, radiographic and ultrasonographic findings.

Causes[ edit ] Cattle commonly swallow foreign objects, because they do not use their lips to discriminate between materials and they do not completely chew their feed before swallowing. Sharp metallic objects, such as nails or wire , are the common initiators of hardware disease. The cow may groan when lying down, getting up, defecating and urinating. The heart rate is normal or slightly elevated, and the respiration is shallow and rapid. Depending on the type of magnet used, inserting a second magnet could cause internal pinching which could lead to serious complications.

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