It is rediscovered by the greatest mathematician and the Shankaracharya Jagadguru Bharatikrishna Tirthaji Maharaj of Govardhan math puri; Odisha. At the age of twenty years he completed his post graduation in six different subjects like Mathematics, Science, History, Philosophy, English and Sanskrit from the Bombay centre of American college of Science Rochester; New York. In he won the highest place in the graduation B. He was a gifted child of his parents, father P.
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He is said to have reconstructed the ancient system of Vedic Mathematics from certain Sanskrit texts which other scholars had dismissed as nonsense. The methods he showed and the simple Sutras on which it is based are extraordinarily simple and easy to apply, and the whole system possesses a unity not found in conventional mathematical methods.
His life was devoted to helping those individuals he could and also helping to bring about world peace and spiritual renewal. This short article aims to show something of his character and life and is drawn mainly from an introduction by Mrs Manjula Trivedi in the book "Vedic Mathematics" by Bharati Krishna.
She looked after Bharati Krishna in the last years of his life and afterwards took charge of the Foundation he set up in Nagpur in the Sri Vishwapunarniman Sangha. According to Manjula Trivedi, Bharati Krishna "named as Venkatraman in his early days, was an exceptionally brilliant student and invariably won the first place in all subjects in all the classes throughout his educational career.
Examination in further seven subjects simultaneously securing the highest honours in all, which is perhaps the all-time record of academic brilliance. In he was made first Principal of the newly started National College at Rajmahendri, a post he held for three years. Having a "burning desire for spiritual knowledge, practice and attainment" he then spent many years at the most advanced studies with the Shankaracharya at Sringeri in Mysore and was given the name Bharati Krishna Tirtha when he was initiated into the order of Samnyasa at Benares in He later, in , became a Shankaracharya the highest religious title in India.
He believed in the ancient Vedic tradition of all-round spiritual and cultural harmony, and his ambition for humanity was a world-wide cultural and spiritual renewal. People flocked to him in crowds and waited at his doors for hours. Granted an interview with him people felt that he immediately knew their need.
Even when suffering from excessive strain he refused to take rest, continuing with his studies, talks, lectures and writings with unabated and youth-like vigour and enthusiasm.
In Bharati Krishna went on a tour to America, addressing audiences in hundreds of colleges, universities, churches and other institutions. This was organised by the Self-Realisation Fellowship. He also gave talks and mathematical demonstrations on television and gave some lectures in the UK on his way back to India, in May Bharati Krishna wrote sixteen volumes on Vedic Mathematics, one on each Sutra, but the manuscripts were irretrievably lost. He said that he would rewrite them from memory but owing to ill-health and failing eyesight got no further than writing a book intended as an introduction to the sixteen volumes.
That book "Vedic Mathematics", written with the aid of an amanuensis, is currently available and is the only surviving work on mathematics by this most remarkable man. Org
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Contents[ edit ] The book contains metaphorical aphorisms in the form of sixteen sutras and thirteen sub-sutras, which Krishna Tirtha claimed to allude to significant mathematical tools. Shukla, Jan Hogendijk et al note that the Vedas do not contain any of those sutras and sub-sutras. These were unknown during the Vedic times and were introduced in India only in the sixteenth century;  works of numerous ancient mathematicians such as Aryabhata , Brahmagupta and Bhaskara were entirely based on fractions. From a historiographic perspective, India had no minimal knowledge about the conceptual notions of differentiation and integration. He believes it did a disservice both to the pedagogy of mathematical education by presenting the subject as a bunch of tricks without any conceptual rigor, and to science and technology studies in India STS by adhering to dubious standards of historiography.
Bharati Krishna Tirtha
His father was P. Narasimha Shastri, originally a tehsildar at Tirunelveli , in Madras Presidency , who later became the Deputy Collector of the Presidency. Ranganath Shastri was a judge in the Madras High Court. Venkataraman passed his matriculation examination from Madras University in January , where he also finished first. According to his own testimonials, Sanskrit and oratory were his favorite subjects. Due to his knowledge of the language, he was conferred the title "Saraswati" at the age of 16 by the Madras Sanskrit Association in July At about that time, Venkataraman was profoundly influenced by his Sanskrit guru Vedam Venkatrai Shastri.